Revision Notes

Definitions of Psychopathology

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Definitions of Psychopathology Deviation from social norms: behaviour violating accepted social rules   Failure to function adequately: an ability to cope with day-to-day living   Deviation from ideal mental health: failure to meet the criteria for perfect psychological wellbeing   Statistical infrequency: behaviours that are statistically rare     EXAMPLES: A young woman reports that […]
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Definitions of Psychopathology
Attachment Theory: The Continuity Hypothesis

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Attachment Theory: The Continuity Hypothesis The continuity hypothesis – the attachment type you develop in childhood (secure / insecure) will continue into later relationships.     INTERNAL WORKING MODEL Forms a model / template for all future relationships There is consistency between early emotional experiences and later relationships REALTIONSHIPS IN LATER CHILDHOOD Attachment type is […]
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Attachment Theory: The Continuity Hypothesis
Hazen & Shaver: The Love Study

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HAZEN & SHAVER: The Love Story Aim: – to explore the possibility that attachment theory offers as a perspective on adult romantic love and to create a framework for understanding love, loneliness, and grief at different points in the life cycle.   Method: – analysed 620 replies to a ‘love quiz’ about people’s inner feelings […]
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Hazen & Shaver: The Love Study
Maternal Deprivation

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Maternal Deprivation Maternal deprivation – when bonds are broken, or attachment has not formed at all with the mother. Bowlby predicts that disruption to the attachment bond causes serious and permanent damage.         INSTITUTIONALISATION Childcare provided by orphanages and children’s homes   RUTTER ET AL (1998) – Development catchup study Aim: – […]
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Maternal Deprivation
Sedentary Lifestyles

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Sedentary Lifestyle What is a sedentary lifestyle?   A sedentary lifestyle is a lifestyle which involves irregular or no physical activity. This lifestyle can have serious consequences on an individual’s health and wellbeing.   Living a sedentary lifestyle can lead to social, mental and physical problems.   Mental:   Low confidence Low self-esteem   Social: […]
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Sedentary Lifestyles
Bones and The Function of the Skeletal System

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Bones and The Function of the Skeletal System   Below are the names of a few bones in the human body. You should be able to identify these bones on the human skeleton.   Functions of the skeletal system There are six functions to the skeletal system. Support: Hold bones together Hold muscles and organs […]
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Bones and The Function of the Skeletal System
Energy Changes

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Energy Changes Exothermic and endothermic reactions Chemical reactions can take in or give out energy when bonds are broken and formed. Exothermic reactions Energy is released to the surroundings shown by an increase in temperature. e.g. combustion, neutralisation, respiration. Bond making is an exothermic process. The energy change (∆H) in an exothermic reaction is negative […]
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Energy Changes
Chemical Changes

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Chemical Changes The reactivity series The reactivity series is a list of metals in order of reactivity. Observations of the metals with substances such as oxygen, water have been used to place the metals. The most reactive metals are at the top and the least reactive at the bottom     Hydrogen and carbon are […]
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Chemical Changes
Quantitative chemistry

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Quantitative Chemistry Relative Atomic Mass (Ar) The relative atomic mass (Ar) of an element is its relative average mass of an atom compared to the mass of an atom of carbon-12. Image: Pixabay   Relative Formula Mass (Mr) The relative formula mass of a compound is the sum of all the relative atomic masses of the […]
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Quantitative chemistry
The Modern Periodic Table

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The modern periodic table   Image: Pixabay   Elements are arranged in order of atomic number. The columns show the groups. The group number shows the number of electrons in the outer shell. The rows are called periods – the period shows how many shells of electrons there are e.g. Hydrogen and Helium are in […]
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The Modern Periodic Table

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